Project Summary In English
The European chestnut (Castanea sativa) is an important flora element with significant economical and landscape forming impact of the areas of Nagymaros and Kékkő. Cryphonectria parasitica, the casual agent of chestnut blight disease and the most important fungal pathogen of chestnut in Europe has seriously affected these stands. Today, the once widely and traditionally cultivated chestnut is in the verge of extinction. The two communes decided to make efforts together, applying the recent scientific results to save this important tree species and resettle its habitat (Natura 2000 area). The joint work was explained by the similar ecological properties of the habitat as well as the presence of the same type of the pathogen on the two sides of the border. In addition, the effective plant protection can be only performed at regional level (the pathogens do not
respect the borders….). This joint work and joint collaboration resulted in our present project as well as in a common extension service system.
Under the frame of the designed project, the concerned areas are treated as unique ecosystems, so that it is really important to perform scientific research applying identical methods on both sides of the border as well as common activities aiming the protection of chestnut. We have created reference plots for the public of both communes including in the project where the results of the healings can be presented beside useful practical propagation tricks. It is necessary to establish a common consultant system and to sustain it in long term. This system should be available for everyone and it should use the databases related to the concerned areas. A short professional workshop was achieved in both countries (in Hungarian and Slovakian) according to a common syllabus to broaden the knowledge of chestnut owners. The continuous professional consultancy can be realized by common created, edited and operated WEB-pages.